Cinque Terre
Yarul Islam

Registration of Political Party in Bangladesh  

The then Caretaker Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh inserted section 90B in the Representation of People’s Order (RPO), 1972 imposing some conditions for the purpose of registration of a political party. Subsequently the Awami League Government amended the said section making the conditions more difficult for the new political parties for getting registration.

As per the provision of the aforesaid section the new political parties must comply the following conditions to get registration:

  1. Holding 123 offices: 1 central office, 22 district offices and 100 thana offices.
  2. Forming 123 committees: 1 central committee, 22 district committees and 100 thana committees.
  • Enlistment of 200 members in each thana where committee to be formed.
  1. 33% women in every committee.
  2. Registration is a must for taking part in any election.
  3. Circulation for application of party registration only before national election after about 5 (five) years.

It has been said in section 90-B(1)(i), “Secured at least one seat with its electoral symbol in any parliamentary election held since the independence of Bangladesh” but nothing has been said how an election is possible for a party with electoral symbol without its registration?

It has also been said in section 90-B(1)(ii), “secured five percent of total votes cast in the constituencies in which its candidates took part in any of the aforesaid parliamentary elections” but nothing has been said how the candidates of a party take part in election before getting registration?

The said section 90-B(1)(iii) says, “established a functional central office, by whatever name it may be called with a central committee, functional district offices in at least in one-third administrative districts, offices in at least one hundred Upazilas or Metropolitan Thana having a minimum number of two hundred voters as its members in each of them”. But two hundred voter-members is an undemocratic condition as because there are few people who want to expose himself as a voter of a particular political party.

Conducting a central office, 22 district offices and 100 Thana offices totaling 123 offices is very expensive for any new political party as more than Tk. 14,90,000/- (fourteen lac and ninety thousand) has to be expended in every month for rent, utility charge, program and other costing. An upazila office may cost at least Tk. 10,000/- (ten thousand), a district office may cost at least Tk. 20,000/- (twenty thousand) and the central office may cost at least Tk. 50,000/- (fifty thousand) per months. Such 100 (one hundred) upazila offices, 22 district offices and a central office are required for registration of a new political party which is very much absurd.

Recently Mr. Emanuel Macro, President of France won the national election one year after formation his party and he had not to fulfill any such condition to carry on his political career. The people of France have supported his new vision for change of political views, culture and thinking. Similarly in our neighbouring country India Mr. Arbinda Kezriwal was elected from his political party one and half year after formation of the party. Moreover in India and many other democratic countries numerous political parties contest the national and local election without any hindrance in the name of registration by so much hard conditions. But in Bangladesh our democratic right of politics what has been protected by our constitution has been infringed in the recent years in the name of registration imposing so difficult conditions which are not at all compliable for any party.

In India political party is registered as per provision of Representation of People Act 1951 (Section 29A, Part IV A) where local unit is optional. They only see the central committee, its office and party constitution. Nothing more is required for registration of a political party there.

The so called elite people do not feel interest to be involved with a new political party as there is no easy way to earn money in the name of politics. They always seek power politics where they get various scopes to earn money and exercise power. Those are poor, young or unemployed people who engage themselves to serve the country by involving fair politics and movement as they took part in movement against the British and for the independence. Such types of people are real patriots but they spend their lives in hardship and they can hardly afford to carry on the new political party by spending so much money.

Most of the people hate politics and politicians because of dirtiness of politics and enlistment of 200 members is also a difficult job for new political parties. The influential big political party activists treat them rival who take membership in a new political party.

The political parties have not accommodated women in their central committees let alone in the units. The Bangladesh Awami League’s central committee comprises 73 members and of them 11 are women (15%). The central committee of Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) consists of 386 members and of them 47 (12%) are women. The conditions of other registered parties are stated to be more dismal. So it is an absurd provision which can not be complied for any party at all.

The aforesaid provision was imposed to political parties by the then non-political government. A political party can not be governed by the prescription of non-political personalities who has no experience to political reality. The aforesaid provisions as to fulfill all conditions for registration of a political party are out and out an absurd conception. It is impossible not only in Bangladesh but also all over the world. Nowhere in the world such kind of absurd provision remains. No political party can comply such provisions to be registered.

Now a day’s politics is a hateful thing to the common people not only in Bangladesh but also all over the world. Mr. Barack Obama, the immediate past President of United States of America (USA) has written in the prologue of his book namely, ‘The Audacity of Hope’ that the American people asked him when he started walking through a political way, “You seem like a nice enough guy. Why do you want to go into something dirty and nasty like politics?” Apparently good people do not want to be involved with politics as politics went to the hands of bad people in maximum context.

The women of Bangladesh are basically housewives and a little number of them is engaged recently in different jobs only for their livelihood. Most of them are not interested to anything other then their family maintaining. There is little number of female politicians who have come to politics by inheritance including the Hon’ble Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, Leader of the Opposition Begum Rawshan Ershad, former Prime Minister Begum Khaleda Zia etc. Without stair of family female political leader is rare in Bangladesh as well as all over the world. Under this backdrop, mandatory of 33% women in the committees of political parties is a black concept and uncompliable provision.

Formation of political party is a fundamental right of people. The aforesaid non-political caretaker government imposed mandatory provision for registration of political parties with some strict conditions, all of which are not at all compliable for any political party. Even though about 34 political parties were registered in 2008 subject to fulfill some conditions by the year of 2020. But nothing was said about the consequences of their failure to fulfill the conditions and also nothing was said about the future parties after 2020. As such the impugned provision is a product of unconscious and imbalanced brain.

The women can not be compelled to be involved with politics against their own will and if the impugned provision remains the political parties may fulfill their committees in a dishonest way inserting the names of the women who are not involved with politics.

The leading political parties are liable for destroying the moral, religious and social values. They control everything good or bad and nourish terrorism, corruption, sabotage, hartal, blockade etc. Under this backdrop, the good people have not so much eagerness to join politics. Despite there are some people struggling for peace and tranquility in personal, family, social and national life. Due to such perception Bangladesh Congress has been formed by some peace loving people specially young generation who have not yet gone to dog, intending to serve the nation from the values of patriotism, honesty, perception of independence, humanity and religious freedom. But because of the disputed provision the petitioner is about to be deprived from serving the nation due to difficulty of registration.

There are almost 40 registered political parties in Bangladesh most of those were registered in 2008. All the parties have failed to fulfill all the conditions but the respondents are wordless about the said failure. Some parties have been registered on condition to fulfill 33% women quota before the year of 2020 but no party has been able to fulfill the said condition even from 2008 to 2017. Most of the registered parties have not offices and committees in 22 district and 100 upazilas with 200 members. But those are enjoying registration facilities without any objection from the Election Commission. The position of Bangladesh Congress is much better than those but it gets no scope to apply for registration because of the aforesaid difficult conditions of having offices and committees in 22 district and 100 upazilas with 200 members.

Conducting 123 offices expending about Tk. 14,90,000/- (fourteen lac and ninety thousand) per month for rent and maintenance is very much impossible for any new political party. Party activities can be carried on without any office and such provision of having so many offices is unnecessary which should be repealed.

Election is a part and parcel of politics and politics is a constitutional right of the citizens. By name of registration nobody can be restrained from taking part in election as well as in politics. Such type of provision for registration of political party remains nowhere in the world and this strict provision in Bangladesh is a clear conspiracy to create crisis of political leaderships in future. So such provision should be repealed for greater interest of the nation.

Circulation for application of party registration only before national election takes five years time to avail opportunity to apply for registration. If any party is refused to get registration it would have to wait five years for next opportunity losing a long time. As such registration process should be availed for whole year so that registration may be given at any time subject to fulfill of necessary requirements.

Bangladeshi traditional culture of middle class families does not allow the women to go out of house except any professional job and the committees of political parties fulfilling 33% women is absurd.

Politics is a voluntary service for the people and it can not be any profession for earning money. So a political party can not be treated as a commercial institution and conditions as like other institutions or company can not be imposed upon a political party. Political parties are conducted by their own constitution and the government has nothing to interfere in the political parties if it is conducted peacefully within the meaning of Article 38 of the Constitution of Bangladesh.

The contexts of establishment of the leading parties of Bangladesh no more exist. The Bangladesh Awami League was formed from the feelings of independence from the West which actually started from 1885 when the first political party of the sub-continent Indian National Congress was formed. Muslim League was formed from the concept of the Indian National Congress and subsequently after creation of Pakistan Awami League was formed from Muslim League. Bangladesh Nationalist Party and Jatia Party were formed after taking over power by military force. Some parties run by using religious sentiments and some left parties get foreign help. For the time being the new generation of Bangladesh has no such way to build up their political career and as a result they rush to the various destructive activities such as extremism, terrorism and different social crime. The existing leading parties failed to give them any exemplary political ideology to be followed. So it is high time to change the political culture positively and for this a new leadership from the fair people is so required. For this purpose political field should be opened for all removing all hindrances of fair politics. As such the provision of new political party registration should be amended for the greater interest of the nation.

Bangladesh is a democratic country. Democracy is the belief in freedom and equality between people, or a system of government based on this belief, in which power is either held by elected representatives or directly by the people themselves. In a democratic country no embargo to free election can be sustained and any citizen may elect his representative or may be elected himself.


Md. Earul Islam

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